20 December: THE INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TO BAN Landmines presents its own draft convention on the total ban on NPAs. Much of its language would later be reflected in the text of the adopted convention. In addition to stopping the production and development of anti-personnel mines, a party must destroy its stockpile of anti-personnel mines within four years, while it can keep a small number of them for training purposes (mine clearance, detection, etc.). Within ten years of ratifying the treaty, the country should have cleared all its mined areas. This is a difficult task for many countries, but they may request an extension and assistance at the annual meetings of States parties. The Treaty also calls upon States Parties to assist mine-affected persons in their own countries and to assist other countries in fulfilling their contractual obligations.   March 27: On the CD, Finland and Poland presented a formal proposal for the appointment of a special coordinator for the mine negotiations.  The convention received 122 signatures from countries when it was launched for signature in Ottawa, Canada, on December 3, 1997. There are currently 164 States parties.  Thirty-three countries have not signed the treaty and another has signed the treaty but has not ratified it. Among the states that have not signed the treaty is a majority of permanent members of the UN Security Council: China, the United States and Russia.
In 2014, the United States said it would abide by the treaty`s provisions, with the exception of landmines used on the Korean Peninsula.  South Korea has not signed the treaty, as has North Korea, believing that the use of anti-personnel mines is essential to the defense of its territory against the other. Canadian Foreign Minister Lloyd Axworthy, who led the Canadian-led efforts, said the oslo bans were ”not prepared to pay any price” for U.S. participation. ”We have a contract that clearly prohibits anti-personnel mines. We have support from all parts of the world and there are no exceptions or loopholes,” Axworthy said. This is truly a new normal for an arms contract. 12. The Council of the European Union adopts a ”joint action” against anti-personnel landmines, including a common moratorium on exports of anti-personnel landmines. ”Encourages the continuation of international efforts to find solutions to the problems posed by anti-personnel mines with a view to their definitive elimination” (paragraph 6 of the operational).  At their last roundtable in Oslo, Norway, September 1-19, pro-banned states overwhelmingly rejected the united States` last gulf.